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MONUMENTS

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an ‘ Ancient Monument ’ as follows:-

Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years and includes—   

  1. Remains of an ancient monument, 
  2. Site of an ancient monument, 
  3. Such portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving such monument, a
  4. The means of access to, and convenient inspection of, an ancient monument; 

The section 2(d) defines archaeological site and remains as follows:
  
Archaeological site and remains means any area which contains or is reasonably believed to contain ruins or relics of historical or archaeological importance which have been in existence for not less than one hundred years, and includes—   

  1. Such portion of land adjoining the area as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving it, and
  2. The means of access to, and convenient inspection of the area; 
Monuments of Rajasthan
could be broadly classified as protohistoric and early historic sites, i.e. remains of Brahmanical and Jain temples, Buddhist caves and idols, mosques, tombs and idgah, chhatris, forts, palaces, havelis, sarai, towers and minars, tanks, bunds, ghats and baoris (steped-wells), gardens, pavilions and torans, colossal images, monoliths, pillars, inscriptions, paintings and battle-fields. Jaipur circle of Archaeological Survey of India is making best possible efforts for regular conservation and preservation of various centrally protected monuments in the state as per the archaeological norms by their own professionals under the supervision of Superintending Archaeologist of the circle. The conservation challenges in the region are manifold owing to its diverse geographical and respective ecological conditions. The region experience very low to scanty rainfall and Jaisalmer is the hottest place of the country, which itself is a major factor for cause of decay and damaged to the historical monuments and sites. Besides, sand bearing winds with high speed hitting the stone surface of the monuments, fluctuation in day and night temperature are also the factors responsible for damaged to the monuments and sites.

The measurments taken are mainly structural conservation. Resetting of the bulged out members, scientific clearance of debris for exposing the buried parts of the ancient structures, restoration of damaged ancient enclosure and fortification walls, lime punning, restoration of damaged and missing stone jalis, fountains and chhajja stone, underpinning, pointing and water tightening of the masonry of the bastions and fortification walls, beside, correcting the original position of the tilted structure with the help of jacks. To safeguard the sites from the encroachments, dwarf wall with MS railing were provided at some of the monuments. The works related to laying of approach pathway including levelling and dressing within the premises of the monuments, display of sculptures/architectural member on pedestals, construction of sculpture shed, store-cum-inspection rooms have also been attendant to a number of monuments and sites recently.

The Circle has carried out major conservation works at Kumbhalgarh, Bhatner fort, Jaisaler fort, Chittaur fort, Group of temple at Arthuna, Mandore fort, Ranthambhor fort, Deeg Palace, Kama, Bhangarh, Bayana etc. ASI has also taken up initiative in providing approached pathway including levelling and dressing around the monuments, display of sculptures/ architectural member on pedestals, construction of sculpture shed, store-cum-inspection rooms near the sites, etc.

The basic public facilities like drinking water, toilets, bi-lingual notification tablets, bi-lingual cultural notice boards in matching sand stones, stone benches, dustbins, wheel chairs, suggestions box, slogans boards, direction boards and guide maps are provided at frequently visited monuments/sites of the Circle.

LIST OF PROTECTED MONUMENTS BY
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA IN RAJASTHAN

S.No.

Locality

Name of monument/site

ALWAR   DISTRICT

23

Bhangarh

Ancient Site

24

Neelkanth

Siva Temple

25

Pandrupol

Ancient Remains

26

Tijara

Lal Masjid

 BARAN   DISTRICT

29

Atru/Ganeshganj

Ruins of Temples

30

Badva

Yupa Pillars

31

Baran

Temple (12th century)

32

Krishna Vilas

Ancient Ruins and Structural Remains

33

Shergarh

Old Temple, Statues and Inscriptions

 BHARATPUR   DISTRICT

34

Bayana

Akbar's Chhatri

35

Bayana

Ancient Fort with its monuments

36

Bayana

Jahangir's Gateway

37

Bayana

Jhajri

38

Bayana

Lodhi's Minar

39

Bayana

Saraj Sad-ul-lah

40

Bayana

Usa Mandir

41

Bharatpur

Delhi Gate out side the fort

42

Bharatpur

Fateh Burj near Anah Gate

43

Bharatpur

Fortwalls including Chowburja' gate and Approach Bridge at the Chowburja and

44

Bharatpur

Jawahar Burj and Ashtadhatu Gateway

45

Bharatpur

Moat surrounding the fort wall

46

Brahmabad

Idgah

47

Brahmabad

Islam Shah's gate

48

Deeg

Deeg Bhawans

49

Deeg

Looted Gun

50

Deeg

Marble Jhoola

51

Kaman

Chaurasi Khamba Temple

52

Malah

Ancient Mound

53

Noh

Ancient Mound

54

Noh

Colossal Image of Yaksha

55

Rupvas

Lal Mahal

 BHILWARA   DISTRICT

56

Bijolia

Mahakal and two other temples

57

Bijolia

Rock Inscription (12th century)

58

Bijolia

Rock Inscription within the Parasvanath Temple compound (12th Cent. A.D.)

59

Khadipur

Ancient Temple known as Kaner-ki-Putli

 BUNDI   DISTRICT

62

Bundi

Wall paintings of Hardoti School in the Palace

63

Keshavraipatan

Ancient Mound

64

Nainwa

Ancient Mound

75

Menal

Mahanal Temples and Math

76

Nagari

Ancient Site and Remains

77

Nagari

Hathiwada enclosure with Inscription

78

Nilodh/Jeora

Archaeological Sites and Remains

 DAUSA    DISTRICT

79

Abaneri

Ancient Mound

80

Abaneri

Baori

81

Abaneri

Harsat Mata-ka-Mandir

82

Lalsot

Banjaron-ki-Chhatri containing pillars similar to the railing pillars of Bharhut Stupa

83

Maheshra

Ancient Mound

84

Raniwas

Ancient Mound

85

Sikrai

Ancient Mound

 DHOLPUR   DISTRICT

86

Dholpur/Jhor

Babur's Garden

87

Sone-ka-Gurja

JogniJogna Temple

88

Dholpur

Shergarh Fort

 JAIPUR    DISTRICT

107

Amber

Jama Masjid

108

Amber

Laxmi Narainji's Temple

109

Amber

Sri Jagat Siromaniji's Temple

110

Amber

Sun Temple

111

Bairat

Excavated site

112

Brahmpuri

Punderikji-ki-Haveli - Paintings in a room

113

Galtaji

Temple containing Fresco Paintings

114

Jamwa Ramgarh

Jaipur (Recently declared protected monument)

115

Sambhar

Excavated site

 JHALAWAR   DISTRICT

118

Binayaga

Buddhist Caves and Pillars

119

Binayaga

Caves of Niranjani etc.

120

Dalsagar Gangadhar

Ancient Ruins

121

Dudhaliya

Ancient Ruins

122

Hathiagor

Buddhist Caves

123

Jhalrapatan

Old Temples near the Chandrabhaga

124

Kolvi

Buddhist Caves, Pillars, Idols

 KARAULI    DISTRICT

126

Karauli

Wall paintings in the Palace of Maharaja Gopal Lal

 KOTA   DISTRICT

127

Charchoma

Siva Temple and two unpublished Gupta Inscriptions

128

Dara

Temple, Fortwall and Statues

129

Kanswa

Temple with Inscription

SAWAI   MADHOPUR   DISTRICT

137

Ranthambhor

Fort

138

Alanpur

Jain Temple

138

Alanpur

Persian Inscription in a Baori

 SIKAR   DISTRICT

140

Harshnath

Harshnath Temple

 TONK   DISTRICT

141

Bisalpur

Bisal deoji's Temple

142

Bundwali Doongri

Ancient Mound

143

Gariagarh/Newai

Ancient Mound

144

Jhalai

Devapura Barodia Mounds

145

Khera/Kakor

Hathi Bhata

146

Nagar

Ancient Mound

147

Nagar

Excavated Site

148

Nagar

Mand Kila Tal Inscription

149

Nagar

Yupa Pillars in Bichpuria Temple

150

Nagar

Inscriptions in fort

151

Panwar

Inscription

152

Rairth/Newai

Excavated site

153

Todaraisingh

Kala Pahar Temple

154

Todaraisingh

Kalyanraiji's Temple

155

Todaraisingh

Laxmi Narainji's Temple locally known as Gopinath Temple

156

Todaraisingh

Old Baories locally known as Hadi-Rani-ka-Kund

157

Todaraisingh

Pipaji's Temple